Surely we have all heard of organic gardens. Sixty years ago, when there were no Hyper, or Super, in the villages. each family had its own garden; The family economy in the villages required the garden to survive. The work was in the cities, and the poverty in the towns, that is why the massive emigration of the towns to the cities. This agglomeration of consumers caused food to become a business and as such, capital opted for it, and emerged the super, hyper, and monopolies. Today, French capital dominates food in Europe, and almost nothing is left of the small shops and local markets, many have disappeared or are merely alternative. It is time to start a citizen revolution that changes the model of society, and betting on collaborative housing, the collaborative economy, sustainability, and ecology, we are doing, hence the garden. I’ll give you this article by Lucía Muñoz, so that you can be encouraged with the idea.
Cultivate an Ecological Vegetable Garden The 8 steps to cultivate at home
Lucia Muñoz 1 December 2015 How to make a vegetable garden, Organic gardens
Contents

STEPS TO CULTIVATE A GARDEN
1. Decide what you are going to plant
2. Choose the culture containers
3. Tools you need
4. The substrate or “earth”
5. Feeding the ecological garden
6. Association and crop rotation
7. Watering
8. “Integrated fight” in the ecological garden
STEPS TO CULTIVATE A GARDEN
1. Decide what you are going to plant
This is the first step because it will depend, for example, when you should start with the tasks or the type of container you need.

If you have never grown an organic garden, I recommend that you start with the plants that are easier to grow, those that require less care, that are less demanding in terms of nutrients or that are less affected by pests and diseases.

Examples of garden plants that are easy to grow: garlic, chard, onion, chives, pumpkin, cabbage, endive, spinach, beans, lettuce, turnip, radish, carrot … Also the red fruits or “wild” fruits are easy to grow , and the aromatic, which also give a touch of smell and color to the garden.

Of almost all of them we have already spoken in Agrohuerto so if you want details on how to grow them you just have to go to the category “How to grow a garden” or look for them by name in the search engine on the top right.

2. Choose the culture containers
If you have a garden, great! You can grow on the ground. But if not … you should look for containers, a cultivation table or a few pots where the plants can grow well. There are a lot of types of culture containers, and you can also make them by recycling containers.

If you grow in containers, find out the depth that each crop needs (this will depend on how deep its roots are).

Then, when putting your crops, you have 2 options: make the first seedlings and, when the plants are a bit grown, transplant them to their final place; or sow directly in the field or final pot. There are more chances of them coming out of the first form, if you are new to this, better to make seedbeds.

3. Tools you need
To grow a garden you will need some tools or elements such as a shovel, a bucket, a rake, gloves … we already talked about all of them in the post “10 tools necessary for your garden”.

4. The substrate or “earth”
It is very important because it is where the plant is supported and where it takes the water and nutrients it needs. If you are going to install your garden in pots, Álvaro recently made a video for the post “Substrate for pots. Orchards at home, “which will come in handy.

5. Feeding the ecological garden
If you want to grow an organic garden you can not pay for it with anything. You must not use chemical or artificial fertilizers. Only natural products You should fertilize the substrate a few weeks before planting or sowing, so that the fertilizer matures well in the soil and is a homogeneous mixture.

Almost all organic farmers recommend manure. But if you live in the city or do not have access to it, there are other natural ways to fertilize: compost, green manure, earthworm humus … In “5 ways to fertilize the organic garden” you can see more details.

6. Association and crop rotation
They are two very typical techniques of organic farming.

The association of crops is to put together vegetables that are beneficial to each other or, at least, that are not harmful because they have the same requirements or pests.

For example, you should not put together vegetables of the same family (tomatoes, eggplant or peppers, are all solanaceous, melon, squash, courgette are all cucurbits …), or those that have the same type of use “root”, “leaf” , “Fruit …). It is better to mix families, type of use and type of root (deep, superficial …) so that they complement each other. It is also very good to mix aromatic vegetables, as they enhance the flavor and help to prevent pests. In the post Crop associations, 6 good and 4 other bad, you have some examples. The rotation of crops is something similar. It is about alternating in the same place vegetables with different levels of demands and characteristics. For example, if one year you have put spinach, which is very demanding in terms of nutrients and “depletes” the soil, the following year it would be good to put in that place a legume, which is “improver” and helps recover the soil. You have more clues for this in the post “Plan the garden: crop rotation.” 7. Irrigation Irrigation is independent of whether you have organic farming or not (in this case there is nothing “forbidden”), although dripping is recommended because it saves water and helps to prevent fungi because humidity is lower. In any case, if your garden is tiny or you only have a few pots, a simple catcher will suffice. In the post “Plan irrigation in the garden” you can see the different types of irrigation and how to plan it. 8. “Integrated fight” in the organic garden As with fertilization, you can not use chemicals or insecticides to eliminate pests, fungi or weeds in the garden. If you want to cultivate an ecological garden, you must use the integrated fight or integrated pest management, no artificial chemicals. It consists of using a combination of “clean” methods, such as traps, biological control with insects that will eat the pests, the use of natural preparations, the use of aromatics or associations of beneficial crops that keep pests away, mulching or mulching , etc. On these and other things we have already spoken in the category “Plagues and diseases” so I will not entertain myself in it. I recommend you take a look at these articles to know more about the ecological fight against pests and about some concrete problems of the orchard plants. Also in the search engine on the top right you can search for keywords based on the information you need, there are almost 500 posts like this on different topics to learn how to grow an organic garden.

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